miércoles, 19 de enero de 2011

PRESENT SIMPLE

We're going to start whith a video explanation about present simple: To be, To have and the other verbs:




El presente simple, también llamado del indicativo, es el tiempo verbal más simple del inglés. Se suele utilizar para hablar sobre hechos que constituyen hábitos o costumbres.
Se forma con la forma base del verbo del infinitivo. Este infinitivo consta de dos partículas: to y la forma base del verbo, así, por ejemplo, to eat es un infinitivo que significacomer.
Conozcamos en la siguiente tabla el presente del indicativo:

Conjugación
Inglés
Español
1ª per. singular
work
yo trabajo
2ª per. singular
you work
tú trabajas
3ª per. singular
he works
she works
It works
él trabaja
ella trabaja
(para objetos)
1ª per. plural
we work
nosotros/as trabajmos
2ª per. plural
you work
vosotros/as trabajais
3ª per. plural
they work
ellos/as trabajan

La única dificultad escriba, como de costumbre, en la 3ª persona del singular; de hecho, esta 3ª persona es especial a la hora de conjugar verbos. Como regla general se añade s, aunque veremos que existen algunas excepciones.

PositiveNegativeQuestion
  • run.
  • You run.
  • We run.
  • They run.
  • He runs.
  • She runs.
  • It runs.
  • do not run.
  • You do not run.
  • We do not run.
  • They do not run.
  • He does not run.
  • She does not run.
  • It does not run.
  • Do I run?
  • Do you run?
  • Do we run?
  • Do they run?
  • Does he run?
  • Does she run?
  • Does it run?


To Be


The verb "be" is irregular in the Simple Present. It also has different question forms and negative forms.
PositiveNegativeQuestion
  • am.
  • You are.
  • We are.
  • They are.
  • He is.
  • She is.
  • It is.
  • am not.
  • You are not.
  • We are not.
  • They are not.
  • He is not.
  • She is not.
  • It is not.
  • Am I?
  • Are you?
  • Are we?
  • Are they?
  • Is he?
  • Is she?
  • Is it?

To Have

The verb "have" is irregular in positive, third-person forms. This irregular form has been marked below with an asterisk*.
PositiveNegativeQuestion
  • have.
  • You have.
  • We have.
  • They have.
  • He has. *
  • She has. *
  • It has. *
  • do not have.
  • You do not have.
  • We do not have.
  • They do not have.
  • He does not have.
  • She does not have.
  • It does not have.
  • Do I have?
  • Do you have?
  • Do we have?
  • Do they have?
  • Does he have?
  • Does she have?
  • Does it have?



EXERCISE:


Funny video about dayly activities




Daily activities

WHAT DO YOU DO EVERY DAY?


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vx2OIm0xf3c&feature=fvw
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yWccPqg1DbI&feature=related





Practice:


Daily Activities at Home

What are some of the daily activities that you do at home?
wake up at 7am every morning.
press the snooze button five times every morning before I turn off the alarm and get up.
have a cup of coffee and make breakfast. I usually read the newspaperwhile I have breakfast. My children like to have a shower after they have breakfast but I like to have a shower before I get dressed.
My wife brushes her long hair, and I have short hair so I comb my hair. How do you do your hair in the morning?
It is important to brush your teeth, and some women like to put make-up on.
After I have finished work, I go home to cook dinner. In my house I usuallymake dinner. The family eat dinner together at 7:30pm.
After dinner I make sure that my children do their homework, and then I chill out on the sofa and watch television. 
On television I usually watch the News. My wife usually comes to tell me totake the rubbish out, or wash the dishes. 
Our children feed the dog and the cat before they go to bed and I tell them to go to the bathroom too.
If I am sick I have to take my medication, but then I get into my pyjamasand set the alarm so I wake up in the morning.
The last things I do is lock the doorturn off the lights, and go to bed.


Daily Activities at Home

What are some daily activities that you do at work?
go to work at 8.45am every morning.
I usually drive to work.
I always check my emails when I get to work, but I don't always reply to them immediately.
take a taxi or a train if I have a lunch meeting. I never take the busbecause it is too slow.
When I am at my desk I usually work on the computer, even during morning tea.
At 1pm most days I have lunch.
At 3pm we have afternoon tea, and that is when we usually talk and eat cake.
When you are in the office you probably have a lot of papers. It is important for you to file your papers, and so that you can find them again you need toorganise your files. 
When I work I have to make telephone calls. If an important issue happens I ask my secretary to organise a meeting. 
Once a month I report to my boss, but maybe you have to report to your boss more often. I usually write a document that my boss can read.


Other Daily Activities

What are some other daily activities that you do?

exercise at least three times a week.
I usually go to the gym before work, but sometimes I go after work.
meditate every morning so that I feel less stressed during the day.


Weekly Activities

What are some weekly activities that you do?
go grocery shopping once a week at the local supermarket.
My family does the housework together every Saturday morning.
I usually do the washing on Sunday morning and when the machine is finished Ihang the clothes out to dry.
On Sunday morning we go to church, and if there is lots of noise coming fromnext door, sometimes we fight with the neighbour.
On Saturday night my parents stay at home and I go out with friends.
Even my friends that live at home call their parents each week.
Every evening, I water the garden.
I usually pay someone to wash the car, but my partner says I should do it, so sometimes I argue with my partner about that.
If we are angry at the neighbour, we seek vengeance by annoying his dogs.
I work in an important office, so I have to shine my shoes each day.
Sometimes we hire a movie, because we don't like to illegally download music and films. I make sure that I synchronise my iPod so I always have new music on it.
To get our shopping, we go to the mall in the car.
Last week I forgot to recharge my travel card, and I had to argue with a bus driver. I couldn't call the office because I forgot to recharge my cellphone!







About my daily life:



What are some things that you do every day?

Describe a typical daily routine.
Tell what you do at various times throughout the day.
Ask your partner to tell you his/her daily schedule.
What time do you go to work/school?
What time do you get out of class/get off work?

Make a time table like the one below.
Time
Monday
Thursday
Saturday
7:00 a.m.
8:00 a.m.
9:00 a.m.
10:00 a.m.
11:00 a.m.
12:00 noon
1:00 p.m.
2:00 p.m.
3:00 p.m.
4:00 p.m.
5:00 p.m.
6:00 p.m.
7:00 p.m.
8:00 p.m.
9:00 p.m.

Fill in the time table with information about your daily activities.
Describe your routine to a partner.
For example,
    I get up at 7:00 every day. Then I take a shower, get dressed and eat breakfast. I leave my house at 8:00 and ride the bus to school. I start class at 9:00 on Monday, and 10:00 on Thursday. I usually have lunch at 1:00. I finish class at 3:30 p.m. On Saturday, I sleep in until 11:00.
Ask your partner about his/her daily routine.
For example,
    What time do you usually wake up? What do you do between classes What time do you finish work? What do you do in the evening? What time do you get home on the weekends?

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